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Hip replacement is a surgery to replace all or part of the hip joint with an artificial joint. The artificial joint is called a prosthesis. It has been a ground-breaking treatment for those having permanent pain and restrictions caused by several disorders in hips. With its highly-experienced doctors and well-equipped facilities, Turkey is getting more and more popular for hip replacement surgery.
What is a Hip Replacement Surgery?
Total Hip Placement
The hip consists of two main parts that are assembled as a joint: the femoral head in the upper leg and the acetabulum in the pelvis. A total hip replacement is usually performed when severe arthritis damage or injury makes it difficult to perform daily activities. In a total hip replacement (also called a total hip arthroplasty), the damaged bone and cartilage are removed and replaced with prosthetic components.
Partial Hip Replacement
A partial hip replacement is a surgical procedure that replaces half of the hip joint. Surgery involves replacing the head of the femur that has become worn due to arthritis, degenerative joint disease, or a severe fracture of the joint. Daily activities become painful and limited when joint wear is advanced.
How is a Hip Replacement Surgery Done?
Hip replacement surgery starts with general anesthesia, after which you will be completely sleeping. Regional anesthesia is also an option.
Total Hip Replacement: A total hip replacement takes approximately 1 to 3 hours. The surgeon removes the ball of the femur and the socket of your pelvis. The bones that were removed are replaced with a hip implant. It is likely that the doctor will use medical cement to fix the parts of the implant.
Partial Hip Replacement: A partial hip replacement can take 60 to 90 minutes, which involves removing the broken femoral head, trimming the fractured end of the joint, and inserting a one-piece prosthetic joint.
Who is a Candidate for Hip Replacement?
Total Hip Replacement: The most common reason to have this surgery is to relieve arthritis. Severe pain from arthritis can limit your activities.
Most of the time, total hip replacement is done for people 60 years of age and older. However, many people who have had this surgery are younger.
Your doctor may recommend a total hip replacement for these problems:
- Rheumatoid arthritis
- Septic arthritis
- Hip dysplasia
- Tumors in the hip joint
- Fractures in the femur (Older people often have a hip replacement for this reason)
Partial Hip Replacement: Partial hip replacement surgery is performed on patients who experience moderate difficulties affecting the ball of the hip joint. These problems, which can be caused by certain traumatic injuries or medical conditions, include:
- Hip arthritis, which can lead to bone spurs and other bone irregularities,
- Bone degeneration,
How to Get Ready for a Hip Replacement Surgery?
Always tell your healthcare surgeon what medications you are taking, including medications, supplements, or herbs you bought without a prescription.
2 weeks before hip replacement surgery:
You may be asked to stop taking medications that make it harder for your blood to clot. These include acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin), ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin), naproxen (Naprosyn, Aleve), blood thinners such as warfarin (Coumadin), among others.
You may have to stop taking medications that make you more likely to have infections. This includes methotrexate, Enbrel, and other medications that suppress your immune system.
Ask your surgeon what medications you should still be taking on the day of your surgery.
If you have diabetes, heart disease, or another medical condition, your surgeon will ask you to see the surgeon who treats you for these conditions.
Tell your surgeon if you have been drinking too much alcohol, more than 1 or 2 drinks a day.
If you smoke, you need to stop. Ask your surgeon or nurse for help. Smoking will slow the wound and bone to heal. Smokers have been shown to have negative reactions after surgery.
Always tell your surgeon about any cold, flu, fever, herpes outbreak, or other illness you have before your surgery.
You may want to visit a physical therapist to learn how to do some exercises before surgery and practice using crutches or a walking stick.
Tidy up your home to make daily chores easier.
Ask your surgeon to check if you need to go to a nursing facility for recovery or rehabilitation after surgery. If that’s the case, you should check these places in advance to find out which one you prefer.
Practice using a cane, walking stick, crutches, or wheelchair correctly:
- Getting in and out of the shower
- Going up and down stairs
- Sitting on the toilet and standing up after using it
On the day of hip replacement:
They will usually ask you not to drink or eat anything for 6 to 12 hours before the procedure.
Take the medications your surgeon told you to take with a small sip of water.
Your surgeon will tell you when to get to the hospital.
What to Expect after a Hip Replacement Surgery?
You will be in the hospital for 1 to 3 days. During that time, you will recover from the anesthesia and the surgery itself. You will be asked to start moving and walking on the first day after surgery.
Some people need to stay in a rehab center briefly after they leave the hospital and before going home. At a rehab center, you will learn how to safely do your daily activities by yourself.
The results of hip replacement surgery are often excellent. Most or all of the pain and stiffness should go away. High-impact activities like running and playing basketball can be too stressful for artificial joint. Although over time, you will be able to swim, play golf, hike or ride your bike comfortably.
Over time, the artificial hip joint may loosen. This can happen after more than 15 or 20 years. You may need a second replacement. You should see the surgeon periodically to make sure your hip is in good condition.
Young and more active people can wear down parts of their new hip. It may have to be replaced before the artificial hip becomes loose.
Fast Facts About Knee Replacement
|Procedure:||Knee Replacement Surgery|
|Anesthesia:||General or Regional Anesthesia|
|Full Recovery:||3 months|
|Complications:||Wound healing problems, nerve and vessel injuries, blood clots|
|Exercise:||Light exercises 4-6 weeks after the surgery|
|Results:||Immediate pain relief and easier mobilisation|
|Hospital Stay:||1-3 days|
Knee Arthroscopy FAQ
What is a knee arthroscopy?
Knee arthroscopy in Turkey is a minimally invasive surgical technique practiced to repair injuries that have occurred in the joints, by making two or three small cuts on the skin through which a camera is introduced to gain direct insight from the field of intervention. Your surgeon can use arthroscopy to feel, repair, or remove injured tissue.
How is a knee surgery done?
An arthroscopic knee surgery is performed by making two or three small cuts on the skin through which a camera is introduced to gain direct insight from the field of intervention.
How long does a knee arthroscopy take?
Depending on the injury to be examined or treated, a knee arthroscopy usually takes about 45-60 mins.
Who should have knee arthroscopy instead of a knee replacement?
Knee arthroscopy is most commonly performed on patients to remove or repair broken meniscus cartilage, reconstruct a torn anterior cruciate ligament, trim broken pieces of articular cartilage, remove loose pieces of bone or cartilage, remove inflamed synovial tissue.
How long do I have to stay in hospital after knee arthroscopy?
Arthroscopy is most often performed as an outpatient procedure. Unless your surgeon tells you the opposite, you are allowed to leave the hospital on the operation day.
When can I start performing usual activities after a knee arthroscopy?
Walking, standing, stair climbing, etc. are not recommended on the first week after knee arthroscopy, so patients should try avoiding overactivity. 4-6 weeks after knee arthroscopy, patients usually start such simple exercises as cycling or jogging. As for more severe exercises like weight lifting after knee arthroscopy, your surgeon will inform you about the best time, which will probably be much later.
The information on this site is not intended or implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. All content, including text, graphics, images and information, contained on or available through this web site is for general information purposes only. It is not advice on your specific needs and circumstances. It does not replace the need for you to have a thorough consultation, so you should get advice from a suitably qualified medical practitioner. Please bare in mind that as with all operations, there are risks involved in having cosmetic surgery.